The order comprises terrestrial or aquatic taxa on plants, animals or in soil, which are saprobes, endophytes, and pathogens (Senanayake et al. 2017, 2018). This order has been extensively revisited and new information on its taxonomy, morphology, ecology, mode of life, and biotechnological potential have been reported (Alvarez et al. 2016, Senanayake et al. 2017a, 2018, Braun et al. 2018, Carvalho et al. 2018, Fan et al. 2018, Pádua et al. 2019). This order is characterized by sexual morph with solitary or aggregated perithecia sometimes with long papilla, 2–32-spored, unitunicate asci having a conspicuous refractive ring and the asexual morph is generally coelomycetous, although rarely hyphomycetous (Rossman et al. 2007, Senanayake et al. 2018). Several research publications suggested that combined LSU, ITS, rpb2 and tef1 sequence data provides the best resolution for the order. However, SSU, calM, tub2 and act have been used in some cases to resolve the inter-generic taxonomic complications. The divergence time for Diaporthales has been estimated as 180. Currently, there are 30 families and 181 genera in this order (Hyde et al. 2020).
Alvarez LV, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW. 2016 – Revising the Schizoparmaceae: Coniella and its synonyms Pilidiella and Schizoparme. Studies in Mycology 85, 1–34.
Braun U. 2018 – Annotated list of taxonomic novelties published in “Klotzschii Herbarium Vivum Mycologicum, Editio Nova” issued by G. L. Rabenhorst between 1855 and 1858. Schlechtendalia 35, 8–9.
Carvalho CR, Ferreira-D’Silva A, Wedge DE, Cantrell CL, Rosa LH. 2018 – Antifungal activities of cytochalasins produced by Diaporthe miriciae, an endophytic fungus associated with tropical medicinal plants. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 64, 835–843.
Fan XL, Bezerra JDP, Tian CM, Crous PW. 2018 – Families and genera of diaporthalean fungi associated with canker and dieback of tree hosts. Persoonia 40, 119–134.
Hyde KD, Norphanphoun C, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Bhat DJ et al. 2020 – Refined families of Sordariomycetes. Mycosphere 11(1): 305–1059.
Rossman AY, Farr DF, Castlebury LA. 2007 – A review of the phylogeny and biology of the Diaporthales. Mycoscience 48, 135–144.
Senanayake IC, Crous P, Groenewald J, Maharachchikumbura SSN et al. 2017 – Families of Diaporthales based on morphological and phylogenetic evidence. Studies in Mycology 86, 217–296.
Senanayake IC, Jeewon R, Chomnunti P, Wanasinghe DN et al. 2018 – Taxonomic circumscription of Diaporthales based on multigene phylogeny and morphology. Fungal Diversity 93, 241–443.[u1]
Recent SpeciesNeohelicomyces submersus