Periconiaceae Nann.

Index Fungorum number: IF 81124; Facesoffungi number: FoF 06657


Saprobic, pathogenic or endophytic on various hosts. Sexual morph: Ascomata scattered to gregarious, immersed, semi-immersed or erumpent, black or brown, globose to subglobose. Neck central, papillate, with hyaline periphyses. Peridium in longitudinal section composed of several layers of thin or thick-walled, pale brown to brown cells. Hamathecium comprising cellular, branched, anastomosed, pseudoparaphyses. Asci bitunicate, fissitunicate, oblong to cylindrical, 8-spored, with a short pedicel and a shallow ocular chamber. Ascospores 2–3-seriate, broadly fusiform, hyaline, 1-septate, smooth-walled, with an entire sheath. Asexual morph: Hyphomycetous. Conidiophores macronematous or micronematous, mononematous, pale to dark brown, branched or unbranched, septate, thick-walled, smooth or verruculose. Conidiogenous cells are monoblastic or polyblastic, integrated or discrete, ovoid to clavate formed on the terminal or intercalary of the stipe, sometimes with small, pimple-like pores. Conidia sphaerical to fusoid-ellipsoidal, catenate or solitary, pale to dark brown, aseptate, sometimes with a minute, unthickened pore at base, smooth-walled or verruculose. (Descriptions from Hongsanan et al. 2020)


Type genus: Periconia Tode


Notes: Historically, Periconiaceae has long been neglected and Periconia was included in Massarinaceae (Zhang et al. 2009, Hyde et al. 2013). Tanaka et al. (2015) resurrected Periconiaceae as a sister taxon of Massarinaceae in Massarineae (Pleosporales, Dothideomycetes) based on their phylogenetic analyses. Phukhamsakda et al. (2016) showed Periconiaceae and Massarinaceae diverging in the late Cretaceous period (around 70 MYA). Four genera are accepted in Periconiaceae. (Notes from Hongsanan et al. 2020)



Hongsanan S, Hyde KD, Phookamsak R, Wanasinghe DN, McKenzie EHC, Sarma V V., Boonmee S, Lücking R, Bhat DJ, Liu NG, Tennakoon DS, Pem D, Karunarathna A, Jiang SH, Jones EBG, Phillips AJL, Manawasinghe IS, Tibpromma S, Jayasiri SC, Sandamali DS, Jayawardena RS, Wijayawardene NN, Ekanayaka AH, Jeewon R, Lu YZ, Dissanayake AJ, Zeng XY, Luo ZL, Tian Q, Phukhamsakda C, Thambugala KM, Dai DQ, Chethana KWT, Samarakoon MC, Ertz D, Bao DF, Doilom M, Liu JK, Pérez-Ortega S, Suija A, Senwanna C, Wijesinghe SN, Konta S, Niranjan M, Zhang SN, Ariyawansa HA, Jiang HB, Zhang JF, Norphanphoun C, de Silva NI, Thiyagaraja V, Zhang H, Bezerra JDP, Miranda-González R, Aptroot A, Kashiwadani H, Harishchandra D, Sérusiaux E, Aluthmuhandiram JVS, Abeywickrama PD, Devadatha B, Wu HX, Moon KH, Gueidan C, Schumm F, Bundhun D, Mapook A, Monkai J, Chomnunti P, Suetrong S, Chaiwan N, Dayarathne MC, Yang J, Rathnayaka AR, Bhunjun CS, Xu JC, Zheng JS, Liu G, Feng Y, Xie N (2020) Refined families of Dothideomycetes: Dothideomycetidae and Pleosporomycetidae. Mycosphere 11:1553–2107

Hyde KD, Jones EBG, Liu J-K, Ariyawansa H, Boehm E, Boonmee S, Braun U, Chomnunti P, Crous PW, Dai D-Q, Diederich P, Dissanayake A, Doilom M, Doveri F, Hongsanan S, Jayawardena R, Lawrey JD, Li YM, Liu YX, Lücking R, Monkai J, Muggia L, Nelsen MP, Pang KL, Phookamsak R, Senanayake I, Shearer CA, Suetrong S, Tanaka K, Thambugala KM, Wijayawardene NN, Wikee S, Wu HX, Zhang Y, Aguirre-Hudson B, Alias SA, Aptroot A, Bahkali AH, Bezerra JL, Bhat DJ, Camporesi E, Chukeatirote E, Gueidan C, Hawksworth DL, Hirayama K, Hoog SD, Kang JC, Knudsen K, Li WJ, Li XH, Liu ZY, Mapook A, McKenzie EHC, Miller AN, Mortimer PE, Phillips AJL, Raja HA, Scheuer CH, Schumm F, Taylor JE, Tian Q, Tibpromma S, Wanasinghe DN, Wang Y, Xu JC, Yan JY, Yacharoen S, Zhang M (2013) Families of Dothideomycetes. Fungal Diversity 63:1313

Phukhamsakda C, Hongsanan S, Ryberg M, Ariyawansa HA, Chomnunti P, Bahkali AH, Hyde KD (2016) The evolution of Massarineae with Longipedicellataceae fam. nov. Mycosphere 7:17131731

Tanaka K, Hirayama K, Yonezawa H, Sato G, Toriyabe A, Kudo H, Hashimoto A, Matsumura M, Harada Y, Kurihara Y (2015) Revision of the Massarineae (Pleosporales, Dothideomycetes). Studies in Mycology 82:75136

Zhang Y, Wang HK, Fournier J, Crous PW, Jeewon R, Pointing SB, Hyde KD (2009) Towards a phylogenetic clarification of Lophiostoma/Massarina and morphologically similar genera in the Pleosporales. Fungal Diversity 38:225–251


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