Pleosporales » Pleomassariaceae


Paramonodictys N.G. Liu, K.D. Hyde & J.K. Liu

Index Fungorum number: IF557092; Facesoffungi number: FoF 06709


Saprobic on decaying wood. Sexual morph Undetermined. Asexual morph Hyphomycetous. Colonies on natural substrate superficial, effuse, scattered, solitary, black. Mycelium partly immersed, partly superficial, composed of brown, branched, septate hyphae. Stroma present, erumpent, erect, subcylindrical or truncated-cone-form, pale brown to olivaceous brown. Conidiophores absent. Conidiogenous cells monoblastic. Conidia solitary, dictyosporous, muriform, globose or subglobose, olivaceous brown to dark brown, broadly rounded at apex, sometimes subtruncate at base. (Descriptions from Hyde et al. 2020)


Type species: Paramonodictys solitarius N.G. Liu, K.D. Hyde & J.K. Liu


Notes: Hughes (1958) introduced the polyphyletic genus Monodictys which presently reside in three ascomycete classes, Dothideomycetes, Leotiomycetes, and Sordariomycetes (Tanaka et al. 2015). Since the sequence data of type species M. putredinis (Wallr.) S. Hughes is unavailable, the phylogenetic placement of Monodictys sensu stricto could not be clarified. However, our collection differs from M. putredinis in having a stroma (Ellis 1971). Therefore, we introduce our collection as a new genus to avoid taxonomic confusion for Monodictys. (Notes from Hyde et al. 2020)


List of freshwater Biappendiculispora species

Paramonodictys solitarius N.G. Liu, K.D. Hyde & J.K. Liu, in Hyde et al., Fungal Diversity 100: 91 (2020)

Freshwater distribution: Thailand (Dong et al. 2020)



Dong W, Wang B, Hyde KD, McKenzie EHC, Raja HA, Tanaka K, Abdel-Wahab MA, Abdel-Aziz FA, Doilom M, Phookamsak R, Hongsanan S, Wanasinghe DN, Yu X-D, Wang G-N, Yang H, Yang J, Thambugala KM, Tian Q, Luo Z-L, Yang J-B, Miller AN, Fournier J, Boonmee S, Hu D-M, Nalumpang S, Zhang H (2020) Freshwater Dothideomycetes. Fungal Diversity 105:319–575

Ellis MB (1971) Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew

Hughes SJ (1958) Revisiones hyphomycetum aliquot cum appendice de nominibus rejiciendis. Can J Bot 36:727–836

Hyde KD, Dong Y, Phookamsak R, Jeewon R, Bhat DJ, Jones EBG, Liu N-G, Abeywickrama PD, Mapook A, Wei D, Perera RH, Manawasinghe IS, Pem D, Bundhun D, Karunarathna A, Ekanayaka AH, Bao D-F, Li J, Samarakoon MC, Chaiwan N, Lin C-G, Phutthacharoen K, Zhang S-N, Senanayake IC, Goonasekara ID, Thambugala KM, Phukhamsakda C, Tennakoon DS, Jiang H-B, Yang J, Zeng M, Huanraluek N, Liu J-K, Wijesinghe SN, Tian Q, Tibpromma S, Brahmanage RS, Boonmee S, Huang S-K, Thiyagaraja V, Lu Y-Z, Jayawardena RS, Dong W, Yang E-F, Singh SK, Singh SM, Rana S, Lad SS, Anand G, Devadatha B, Niranjan M, Sarma VV, Liimatainen K, Aguirre-Hudson B, Niskanen T, Overall A, Alvarenga RLM, Gibertoni TB, Pfliegler WP, Horváth E, Imre A, Alves AL, da Silva Santos AC, Tiago PV, Bulgakov TS, Wanasinghe DN, Bahkali AH, Doilom M, Elgorban AM, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Rajeshkumar KC, Haelewaters D, Mortimer PE, Zhao Q, Lumyong S, Xu J, Sheng J (2020) Fungal diversity notes 1151–1276: taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions on genera and species of fungal taxa. Fungal Diversity 100:5277

Tanaka K, Hirayama K, Yonezawa H, Sato G, Toriyabe A, Kudo H, Hashimoto A, Matsumura M, Harada Y, Kurihara Y (2015) Revision of the Massarineae (Pleosporales, Dothideomycetes). Studies in Mycology 82:75136


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