Pseudoastrosphaeriellaceae Phookamsak & K.D. Hyde
Index Fungorum number: IF 551650; Facesoffungi number: FoF 01233, 9 species.
Saprobic on bamboo, mangroves, or palms. Sexual morph: Ascostromata brown to dark brown, scattered, solitary to gregarious, immersed to erumpent through host surface by papilla, slightly conical or hemisphaerical to lenticular, uni- to bi-loculate, coriaceous, ostiolate, papillate, or with short to long neck. Peridium of unequal thickness, thick at the sides, composed of hyaline to dark brown peudoparenchymatous cells, comprising host cells plus fungal tissue, inner layer arranged in textura angularis to textura prismatica, outer layer arranged in textura prismatica to textura porrecta or arranged in textura angularis. Hamathecium comprising trabeculate pseudoparaphyses. Asci 8-spored, bitunicate, clavate to cylindric-clavate, pedicellate, apically rounded, with ocular chamber. Ascospores overlapping 1–3-seriate, fusiform with rounded or acute ends, hyaline or brown to reddish brown, septate, constricted at the septum, with or without striations, or with longitudinal ridges towards the ends, with or without mucilaginous sheath. Asexual morph: Coelomycetous. Conidiomata pycnidial, scattered, solitary, immersed, conical or hemisphaerical to globose, ostiolate. Pycnidial walls of unequal thickness, composed of dark brown to black, pseudoparenchymatous cells, arranged in textura angularis to textura intricata. Conidiophores arising from the basal cavity, cylindrical, unbranched or branched, reduced to conidiogenous cells. Conidiogenous cells holoblastic, phialidic, discrete, hyaline, cylindric-clavate or ampulliform, septate, smooth-walled. Conidia globose to subglobose, or oblong, hyaline, aseptate, smooth-walled. (Description from Hongsanan et al. 2020)
Type genus: Pseudoastrosphaeriella Phookamsak, Z.L. Luo & K.D. Hyde.
Notes: Pseudoastrosphaeriellaceae was introduced to accommodate a single genus Pseudoastrosphaeriella by Phookamsak et al. (2015). Species of Pseudoastrosphaeriella were previously placed in Astrosphaeriella based on coriaceous ascomata with a papilla or necks and striate ascospores (Hawksworth & Boise 1985). Later Phookamsak et al. (2015) found that the Pseudoastrosphaeriella species forming a clade apart from Astrosphaeriella in their phylogenetic analyses. Based on morphological comparisons and phylogenetic analyses, Hyde et al. (2017) accommodated Carinispora in Pseudoastrosphaeriellaceae, and Phookamsak et al. (2019) introduced another novel genus, Pseudoastrosphaeriellopsis. Until now, there are three genera accommodated in the family and only Pseudoastrosphaeriella has been reported to have an asexual morph. (Notes from Hongsanan et al. 2020)
Hongsanan S, Hyde KD, Phookamsak R, Wanasinghe DN, McKenzie EHC, Sarma V V., Boonmee S, Lücking R, Bhat DJ, Liu NG, Tennakoon DS, Pem D, Karunarathna A, Jiang SH, Jones EBG, Phillips AJL, Manawasinghe IS, Tibpromma S, Jayasiri SC, Sandamali DS, Jayawardena RS, Wijayawardene NN, Ekanayaka AH, Jeewon R, Lu YZ, Dissanayake AJ, Zeng XY, Luo ZL, Tian Q, Phukhamsakda C, Thambugala KM, Dai DQ, Chethana KWT, Samarakoon MC, Ertz D, Bao DF, Doilom M, Liu JK, Pérez-Ortega S, Suija A, Senwanna C, Wijesinghe SN, Konta S, Niranjan M, Zhang SN, Ariyawansa HA, Jiang HB, Zhang JF, Norphanphoun C, de Silva NI, Thiyagaraja V, Zhang H, Bezerra JDP, Miranda-González R, Aptroot A, Kashiwadani H, Harishchandra D, Sérusiaux E, Aluthmuhandiram JVS, Abeywickrama PD, Devadatha B, Wu HX, Moon KH, Gueidan C, Schumm F, Bundhun D, Mapook A, Monkai J, Chomnunti P, Suetrong S, Chaiwan N, Dayarathne MC, Yang J, Rathnayaka AR, Bhunjun CS, Xu JC, Zheng JS, Liu G, Feng Y, Xie N (2020) Refined families of Dothideomycetes: Dothideomycetidae and Pleosporomycetidae. Mycosphere 11:1553–2107.
Hyde KD, Norphanphoun C, Abreu VP, Bazzicalupo A, Chethana KWT, Clericuzio M, Dayarathne MC, Dissanayake AJ, Ekanayaka AH, He MQ, Hongsanan S, Huang SK, Jayasiri SC, Jayawardena RS, Karunarathna A, Konta S, Kusan I, Lee H, Li J, Lin CG, Liu NG, Lu YZ, Luo ZL, Manawasinghe IS, Mapook A, Perera RH, Phookamsak R, Phukhamsakda C, Siedlecki I, Soares AM, Tennakoon DS, Tian Q, Tibpromma S, Wanasinghe DN, Xiao YP, Yang J, Zeng XY, Abdel-Aziz FA, Li WJ, Senanayake IC, Shang QJ, Daranagama DA, de Silva NI, Thambugala KM, Abdel-Wahab MA, Bahkali AH, Berbee ML, Boonmee S, Bhat DJ, Bulgakov TS, Buyck B, Camporesi E, Castaneda-Ruiz RF, Chomnunti P, Doilom M, Dovana F, Gibertoni TB, Jadan M, Jeewon R, Jones EBG, Kang JC, Karunarathna SC, Lim YW, Liu JK, Liu ZY, Plautz HL Jr, Lumyong S, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Matocec N, McKenzie EHC, Mesic A, Miller D, Pawlowska J, Pereira OL, Promputtha I, Romero AI, Ryvarden L, Su HY, Suetrong S, Tkalcec Z, Vizzini A, Wen TC, Wisitrassameewong K, Wrzosek M, Xu JC, Zhao Q, Zhao RL, Mortimer PE (2017) Fungal diversity notes 603–708: taxonomic and phylogenetic notes on genera and species. Fungal Divers 87:1–235
Phookamsak R, Hyde KD, Jeewon R, Bhat DJ, Jones EBG, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Raspé O, Karunarathna SC, Wanasinghe DN, Hongsanan S, Doilom M, Tennakoon DS, Machado AR, Firmino AL, Ghosh A, Karunarathna A, Mešić A, Dutta AK, Thongbai B, Devadatha B, Norphanphoun C, Senwanna C, Wei D, Pem D, Ackah FK, Wang GN, Jiang HB, Madrid H, Lee HB, Goonasekara ID, Manawasinghe IS, Kušan I, Cano J, Gené J, Li J, Das K, Acharya K, Raj KNA, Latha KPD, Chethana KWT, He MQ, Dueñas M, Jadan M, Martín MP, Samarakoon MC, Dayarathne MC, Raza M, Park MS, Telleria MT, Chaiwan N, Matočec N, de Silva NI, Pereira OL, Singh PN, Manimohan P, Uniyal P, Shang QJ, Bhatt RP, Perera RH, Alvarenga RLM, Nogal-Prata S, Singh SK, Vadthanarat S, Oh SY, Huang SK, Rana S, Konta S, Paloi S, Jayasiri SC, Jeon SJ, Mehmood T, Gibertoni TB, Nguyen TTT, Singh U, Thiyagaraja V, Sarma VV, Dong W, Yu XD, Lu YZ, Lim YW, Chen Y, Tkalčec Z, Zhang ZF, Luo ZL, Daranagama DA, Thambugala KM, Tibpromma S, Camporesi E, Bulgakov TS, Dissanayake AJ, Senanayake IC, Dai DQ, Tang LZ, Khan S, Zhang H, Promputtha I, Cai L, Chomnunti P, Zhao RL, Lumyong S, Boonmee S, Wen TC, Mortimer PE, Xu JC (2019) Fungal diversity notes 929–1035: taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions on genera and species of fungi. Fungal Divers 95:1–273
Phookamsak R, Norphanphoun C, Tanaka K, Dai DQ, Luo ZL, Liu JK, Su HY, Bhat DJ, Bahkali AH, Mortimer PE (2015) Towards a natural classification of Astrosphaeriella-like species; introducing Astrosphaeriellaceae and Pseudoastrosphaeriellaceae fam. nov. and Astrosphaeriellopsis, gen. nov. Fungal Divers 74:143–197